This U.S.-Islamic World Forum paper discusses the role of Pakistani civil society organizations (CSOs) in countering violent extremism (CVE). CSOs have taken the lead in CVE as a result of the government of Pakistan’s inability to do so. Despite the development of innovative, grassroots peacebuilding initiatives to counter violent extremism, CSOs’ social, financial, and political challenges preclude them from creating a nationwide movement. This report discusses these challenges, and offers suggestions on what can be done by the United States and the international community to combat them. Recommendations for developing national and provincial strategies to empower civil society’s CVE efforts are also made. Read full paper.