This article discusses formally considering gender perspectives in conflict resolution, as called for by UN Security Council Resolution 1325.
Authors Greener, Fish, and Tekulu use the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) as a case study for successful UN peacebuilding, and examine the ways in which this mission achieved the resolution’s gender consideration goals. Using the RAMSI mission as a template, Greener et al. make recommendations on how to include women’s voices in the peace process, and ensure equal representation in the institutions and opportunities that follow. Moreover, RAMSI serves as an example for how gender considerations can fit into broader cultural sensitivities in peacekeeping missions by empowering women, but not compromising the overall integrity of the mission. Read full article.
The media is abuzz about the radicalization of youth by extremist groups like ISIS. Think this sort of behavior is new? Au contraire … Young people have been essential to the effectiveness of radical movements throughout history, e.g., the Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka had a long history of using children as suicide bombers; Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge youth cadres were enthusiastic accomplices in some of the regime’s worst atrocities; in Liberia, Charles Taylor seized power as the head of a primarily youth rebel army; and Hamas in Palestine has long recruited and radicalized young people from kindergarten through university through a variety of activities with summer camps being especially effective at indoctrinating religious and secular students alike.
Radicalizing young people is such a universal practice that even United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon identified youth as a critical global resource that needs to be protected against the pernicious attraction of extremist ideologies when he inaugurated his Plan of Action for Preventing Violent Extremism in January of this year.
This month’s GC360 newsletter provides insight into the challenging — and often toxic — combination of radicalism and youth in the context of violent extremism. While the media, politicians, and “experts” focus on radicalism, i.e., the methods of extremist, fanatical groups like ISIS and al Qaeda, perhaps they would be better advised to focus on the other half of the equation: youth. What is it about young people that draws them to extreme behavior and risk taking, the hallmarks of radical groups? Take a look at the literature picks below and find out some of the reasons why.