Continual conflict in Afghanistan since the 1979 Soviet invasion left its state justice institutions in shambles. The post-Taliban era has seen a number of efforts to rebuild the justice system, many of which have failed to fix or even worsened the problem. In this article, Ali Wardak argues that synergy between state and non-state justice mechanisms offers the best way forward for the country. Significant problems with the current system mean that most Afghans bring their disputes to two non-state institutions, the jirga and shura, for mediation. Developing an evidence-based framework that includes both state and non-state bodies as well as civil society groups could offer an effective, accessible, and cost-effective solution, restoring public trust in Afghanistan’s justice system. Read the full article here.