Though a robust civil society is widely accepted as an important part of peacebuilding, there is little evidence to support this claim. To fill this gap, this working paper from the Centre on Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding presents results from a three-year comparative research project. Using thirteen case studies, the project evaluated the performance of civil society during and after armed conflict. Ultimately, the impetus for peacebuilding was found to lie most often with political actors and the parties to the conflict, with civil society performing an important supporting role. Certain functions of civil society groups, such as protection, monitoring, advocacy and facilitation, were found to be more effective than others – a finding that does not align with the implementation and funding level of those activities. Read the full paper here.