This article highlights the role clan elders play in mediating conflicts in Somalia. Elders uphold Somali customary law known as xeer that provides reciprocal rights between kin and clans and they also arbitrate when xeer is violated. Clan elders’ ability to maintain the rule of law has been especially important considering the chaos that ensued with the collapse of the Somali state in 1991. Not only have they managed everyday conflicts among people, but clan elders also mediate conflicts between political entities as illustrated by their role in resolving the territorial dispute over Puntland and Somaliland. Learn more about Somali clan leaders’ role in managing security and upholding law and order.